Who’s Got the Power? Matthew 21:23-32

When Jesus entered the temple, the chief priests and elders of the people came to him as he was teaching. They asked, “What kind of authority do you have for doing these things? Who gave you this authority?”

24 Jesus replied, “I have a question for you. If you tell me the answer, I’ll tell you what kind of authority I have to do these things. 25  Where did John get his authority to baptize? Did he get it from heaven or from humans?”

They argued among themselves, “If we say ‘from heaven,’ he’ll say to us, ‘Then why didn’t you believe him?’ 26 But we can’t say ‘from humans’ because we’re afraid of the crowd, since everyone thinks John was a prophet.” 27 Then they replied, “We don’t know.”

Jesus also said to them, “Neither will I tell you what kind of authority I have to do these things.

28 “What do you think? A man had two sons. Now he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’

29 “‘No, I don’t want to,’ he replied. But later he changed his mind and went.

30 “The father said the same thing to the other son, who replied, ‘Yes, sir.’ But he didn’t go.

31 “Which one of these two did his father’s will?”

They said, “The first one.”

Jesus said to them, “I assure you that tax collectors and prostitutes are entering God’s kingdom ahead of you. 32 For John came to you on the righteous road, and you didn’t believe him. But tax collectors and prostitutes believed him. Yet even after you saw this, you didn’t change your hearts and lives and you didn’t believe him.

“What kind of authority do you have to do these things?” What things? What are they talking about? Rewind the story a few verses – to verse 12: 

 Matthew 21:12-17  

Then Jesus went into the temple and threw out all those who were selling and buying there. He pushed over the tables used for currency exchange and the chairs of those who sold doves. He said to them, “It’s written, My house will be called a house of prayer. But you’ve made it a hideout for crooks.”  

     People who were blind and lame came to Jesus in the temple, and he healed them.  

     But when the chief priests and legal experts saw the amazing things he was doing and the children shouting in the temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were angry. They said to Jesus, “Do you hear what these children are saying?” “Yes,” he answered. “Haven’t you ever read, From the mouths of babies and infants you’ve arranged praise for yourself? ” Then he left them and went out of the city to Bethany and spent the night there. 

Our passage for today comes on the day after the “Cleansing of the Temple.” The “these things” the Chief Priests and Elders are talking about is the “cleansing” and the healing Jesus did the day before. Their question was not a general “Who do you think you are?” But a specific “What do you mean coming in here and tearing the place up?” 

The authorities in the temple – the Chief Priests and the Elders, the Preacher and the Chairpeople of all the committees – ask Jesus where he got his authority. They’re implying he had none!  

Think of how many people in our lives claim authority on a daily basis. There are some that make such claims and we don’t even question it. We assume they know what they are talking about – most of the time. They have a form of authority – of power – to tell us what to do;  and, we do it – most of the time: 

  • Doctors 
  • Lawyers 
  • Teachers  
  • Police Officers 
  • Government Officials 

“By what authority” do they tell us what to do? They have gained authority by education or training, in the case of doctors, lawyers, teachers, and police. Some have had authority bestowed upon them – like government officials. A majority of us have said, “We give you the authority to make decisions for our city, state, or country” and elected them to office. Some of their authority is “heavier” than others. It carries the weight of law behind it. For others, we can choose to acquiesce to their authority or not – we don’t have to follow the treatment the doctor prescribes, for instance.  

 For every authority figure that bears their power honorably, there seems to be another who abuses that power. “Power corrupts,” it is said; some forget the humility needed to hold power effectively and soon believe that they are above the very laws that put them into their position. Some allow their training to breed a sense of superiority over the untrained. It seems that humans ability to mess things up is unlimited.  

 The same “Social Contract” which gives power and authority to our leaders was in place in Jesus’ day, too. When Jesus tore up the temple, he was protesting the abuse of power. He was saying the Chief Priests had broken their covenant with the people and with God. They had authority in name, but their actions destroyed the trust in which the people held them.  

 God had given them the authority to direct the people in acts of worship, they had used that authority to enact burdensome rules, and cheat those who trusted them. The place of worship had become a “den of thieves.” 

 Their positions said “authority”, but their actions said something else. 

 Jesus – through his protest of “cleansing” and his confrontation of authority – sought to remind us that actions matter. Just because someone holds a position of power, doesn’t mean they actually have, or have earned the authority. Authority is proven through actions. How else do we know if the people we put in power are worthy of the position? We have to see that worth displayed in their actions.  

 Jesus’ questions of the Chief Priests, and his parable are meant to say this very thing. You can’t just say you are “doing the will of your Father,” without “doing the will of your Father.”  

 We Christians, those who of us who claim the position of “Believer,” have been given power. It is not a power of superiority. It is not a power to lord over others. Ours is the somewhat ironic power to love and serve and give, power to heal and build up, power that is granted to us by God when we claim the position.  

 Was God right to trust us with such power? Our actions answer that question.  

 What do you think Jesus would do if he came into our “temple?” 

 Do our actions prove he was right to trust us like he does? 

 Or – have our actions earned a “cleansing,” a protest?   

 It is not enough to only say we will “work in the vineyard” then never actually work. If we do that, our power is a façade and already corrupted. We when claim the title “Christian,” our actions must prove the name.  


If so, we will have power. We will display God’s authority!   

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